Glossary of Bodysurf Terms
Maneuvers are classified in two categories: simple and complex:
Simple maneuvers: In order of increasing difficulty:
Conventional bodysurfing or wave gliding – with the inside arm extended and outside arm either tucked away or raised as a balance guide.
Backsliding or back riding– riding the wave completely on the rider’s back.
Spinner – a 360° pirouette with the grain of the wave – (if going right with the right hand leading, the Spinner is performed ‘anticlockwise’) –ensuring the arms are controlled and the fluidity of the glide is not disrupted.
Reverse spin – the reverse of the above – where the bodysurfer pirouettes against the grain e.g – if going right the Spinner is performed clockwise’).
Tube Riding – using skills to maintain position within the wave’s tubing section.
Underwater Ride: riding the force at the back of the wave for the greatest possible distance
Complex maneuvers: In order of increasing difficulty:
Change of direction (from one section going right to another section going left, or vice versa) – generally whilst linking a section from ‘outside’ – across a channel to the ‘inside ’shore break’ section.
Dolphin –"a maneuver which begins underwater, pops out of the water and re enters to a clean ride. No snowplowing the pop, green water must pass over the riders head during the final underwater before they begin the next move" (Handley, Hal. 2020).
El Rollo – where the bodysurfer can maintain position and land flat and continue after a spin at the crest of the curling lip section.
Somersault or forward roll – as suggested, where the bodysurfer can maintain position and land flat and continue.
The loop or 270º – where the bodysurfer first rotates 90º towards the lip of the wave, and then continues rotating 180º in the same direction, ending up riding towards the beach
Belly or Reverse belly spin or 360° – where the bodysurfer can control their prone raised position enough to mimic this bodyboard maneuver to raise upper and lower body and fins to spin ‘flat’ on the wave face and continue riding.
Further description of maneuvers:
Spin: – This maneuver consists of a rotation of the bodysurfer along a horizontal axis, the rotation is carrying down the wave. Best-rated if it is broken -
The classic twists: the hand inner arm upward wave -The tendrils reversed: the inner arm to the bottom of the wave
Back / half twist: – This maneuver is a half twist followed by a back riding.
Reverse Spin: – This maneuver consists of a rotation of bodysurfer along a horizontal axis in the opposite direction of the spin, the rotation being driven up the wave.
El Rollo: – This maneuver consists of an inverted spin, high amplitude performed in a tube along the lip of the wave, the bodysurfer realizing a spin in space describing spiral.
Re-entry / Loop twisted: – This maneuver consists of a rotation of 90 ° bodysurfer on a flat vertical axis toward the lip of the wave, the body of bodysurfer back toward the lip of the wave, followed by a half spin up the wave at the lip, allowing a resumption of the wave.
Belly Reverse Spin or 360°: – This maneuver consists of a rotation of 360 ° bodysurfer on a flat horizontal vertical axis of the body bodysurfer back toward the lip of the wave, using the energy of the lip to complete the rotation, followed by a recovery of the wave.-with the lip: Best rated-by pierced lip: less marked than the first
Re-entry / Loop or 270°: – This maneuver consists of a rotation of 90 ° bodysurfer on a flat vertical axis toward the lip of the wave, followed by a rotation of 180 ° bodysurfer a vertical axis for a resumption of the wave in the foam
Changing direction: – This maneuver is a change in direction of bodysurfer on a vertical plane through the wave. This figure includes maneuvers such as the bottom turn, cut back
Tube: – This maneuver is to bodysurf in the tube, normally or back riding. This is the highest-rated maneuver if the output is clean
Dolphin: -This maneuver is to bodysurf on the face of the wave, below the surface of water, bodysurf using the energy of the wave.-with ripples: succession of small dolphins-with beat: dolphin over a greater